Bài tập trắc nghiệm môn Tiếng Anh Lớp 12 - Chuyên đề: Từ vựng và ngữ pháp

Bài tập trắc nghiệm môn Tiếng Anh Lớp 12 - Chuyên đề: Từ vựng và ngữ pháp

 A. Phonetics

I. Choose the word whose underlined part is pronounced differently from that of the others

1. A. soups B. friends C. opens D. plays

2. A. comes B. hopes C. takes D. laughs

3. A. leaves B. dishes C. hurries D. prepares

4. A. brothers B. magazines C. clothes D. makes

5. A. washes B. kisses C. oranges D. dates

II. Choose the word whose main stress is different from that of the others:

6. A. supportive B. biologist C. general D. responsible

7. A. secure B. project C. attempt D. support

8. A. cultural B. confidence C. willingly D. obedient

9. A. support B. parent C. nephew D. secret

10. A. project B. result C. familiar D. together

 B. Vocabulary and Structures

I .Choose the best answer

11. How much do men share household and take . of their children?

 A. attention B. care C. belief D. notice

12. Even when parents no longer live together, they each continue to be . for their children.

 A. available B. perfect C. good D. responsible

13. Parents should get their children to . in the housework.

 A. share B. do C. involve D. join

14. Everyone in the society has to act in . to the law.

 A. agreement B. equality C. obedience D. support

15. Our teacher wants us to feel . about asking questions when we don’t understand any lesson.

 A. confident B. confidence C. confidential D. confidently

16. Michael felt very disappointed because his mother decided to .from his father after 20 years of living together.

 A. escape B. divide C. share D. separate

17. I . in the cafe having a drink when the police arrived.

 A. sat B. was sat C. was sitting D. have sat

18. “How long . him?” – “We . in 1996, but we . each other

 

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UNIT 1: HOME LIFE
 - Pronunciation: The ending ‘ s’
 - Grammar: Tense revision: Past simple, past progressive, and present perfect
 A. Phonetics 
I. Choose the word whose underlined part is pronounced differently from that of the others
1. A. soups	B. friends	C. opens	D. plays
2. A. comes	B. hopes	C. takes	D. laughs
3. A. leaves	B. dishes	C. hurries	D. prepares
4. A. brothers	B. magazines	C. clothes	D. makes
5. A. washes	B. kisses	C. oranges	D. dates
II. Choose the word whose main stress is different from that of the others:
6. A. supportive	B. biologist	C. general	D. responsible
7. A. secure	B. project	C. attempt	D. support
8. A. cultural	B. confidence	C. willingly	D. obedient
9. A. support	B. parent	C. nephew	D. secret
10. A. project	B. result	C. familiar	D. together
 B. Vocabulary and Structures
I .Choose the best answer
11. How much do men share household and take ................. of their children?
	A. attention	B. care	C. belief	D. notice
12. Even when parents no longer live together, they each continue to be ................. for their children.
	A. available	B. perfect	C. good	D. responsible
13. Parents should get their children to ................. in the housework.
	A. share	B. do	C. involve	D. join
14. Everyone in the society has to act in ................. to the law.
	A. agreement	B. equality	C. obedience	D. support
15. Our teacher wants us to feel ................. about asking questions when we don’t understand any lesson.
	A. confident	B. confidence	C. confidential	D. confidently
16. Michael felt very disappointed because his mother decided to .......from his father after 20 years of living together.
	A. escape	B. divide	C. share	D. separate
17. I ................. in the cafe having a drink when the police arrived.
	A. sat	B. was sat	C. was sitting	D. have sat
18. “How long ................. him?” – “We ................. in 1996, but we ................. each other since last autumn.”
	A. do you know / met / have not seen	B. have you known / met / did not see
	C. have you known / have met / have not seen 	D. have you known / met / have not seen
19. When I was a boy , I ................. tea to coffee.
	A. prefer	B. preferred	C. was preferring	D. have preferred
20. She came into the room while they ................. television.
	A. watched	B. have watched	C. are watching	D. were watching
21. I can’t go with you because I ................. my lessons yet.
	A. did not finish	B. am not finishing	 C. have not finished	D. am not finished
22. I used to swim in this river when I ................. young.
	A. am	B. was	C. will be	D. have been
23. While I ................. TV last night, a mouse ................. across the floor.
	A. watched / ran	B. watched / was running	
C. was watching / ran	D. was watching / was running
24. I’ve been in this city for a long time. I ................. here sixteen years ago.
	A. have come	B. was coming	C. came	D. had come
25. She last came to visit me three years ago.
A. She last came to visit me for three years.	B. She hasn’t come to visit me for three years.
C. She didn’t come to visit me three years ago.	D. She hasn’t come to visit me since three years.
26. We built the house in 10 months.
A. It takes us 10 months to build the house.	B. It took us 10 months building the house.
C. It took us 10 months to build the house.	D. It took us 10 months build the house.
II. Choose the underlined part that needs correcting:
27. You and your sister went to the cinema last night, weren’t you?
	 A	 B C D
28. Up to now Michael wrote five novels and over sixteen short stories.
	 A B C D
29. Mark took many trips to Asia since he started his own import-export business.
	 A B C D
30. Did you and your family at Jane’s birthday party yesterday evening?
 A B C D
31. Last Sunday while Sandy cleaned out the attic, she found her mother’s wedding dress
	 A 	 B C D
UNIT 2: CULTURAL DIVERSITY
 - Pronunciation: The pronunciation of ‘ed’ endings
 - Grammar: Review of tenses
IV/ GRAMMAR
Tenses	 2. Adverbial clause of time
MĐC: hiện tại à MĐTNTG : hiện tại đơn
 Hiện tại tiếp diễn
 Hiện tại hoàn thành
MĐC: quá khứ à MĐTNTG : quá khứ đơn
 quá khứ tiếp diễn
 quá khứ hoàn thành
MĐC: tương lai à MĐTNTG : hiện tại đơn
 Hiện tại tiếp diễn
 Hiện tại hoàn thành
*KHÔNG DÙNG THÌ TƯƠNG LAI TRONG MĐTNTG
*QKHT BEFORE QKĐ
 QKĐ AFTER QKHT
 HTHT SINCE QKĐ
 QKTD WHEN QKTD
 QKTD WHEN QKĐ
 QKHT WHEN QKĐ
No sooner ( QKHT) than (QKĐ)
Hardly ( QKHT) when ( QKĐ)
1. Hiện tại đơn (simple present)
 be " am / is / are
 Vthường " V / Vs / Ves
2. Hiện tại tiếp diễn (present progressive)
 S + am/ is/ are + V-ing
3 . Hiện tại hoàn thành ( Present perfect )
S + has/ have + P.P
4. Quá khứ đơn (simple past)
 Be " was / were
 Vthường " V-ed / V2 
5. Quá khứ tiếp diễn (Past progresive).
 S + was/ were + V-ing
6. Quá khứ hoàn thành (past perfect).
 S + had + P.P
7. Tương lai đơn (Simple Future)
 S+ will + inf.
8. Tương lai gần (Near Future)
 be going to + V-inf
9. Tương lai tiếp diễn (Future continuous)
 Will / shall + be + V-ing
10 .Tương lai hoàn thành( Future perfect )
 Will / shall + have + V3/ ed
 A. Phonetics
I. Choose the word whose underlined part is pronounced differently from that of the others
1. A. kissed	B. helped	C. forced	D. wanted
2. A. ticked	B. checked	C. booked	D. naked
3. A. started	B. looked	C. decided	D. coincided
4. A. agreed	B. missed	C. liked	D. watched
5. A. imagined	B. laughed	C. rained	D. followed
II. Choose the word whose main stress is different from that of the others:
6. A. contract	B. confide	C. conduct	D. contain
7. A. diversity	B. maintain	C. majority	D. activity
8. A. reject	B. conical	C. precede	D. obliged
9. A. attitude	B. survey	C. symbol	D. determine
10. A. ceremony	B. banquet	C. idea	D. sacrifice
 B. Grammar
I .Choose the best answers
1. The fire has gone out! - So it has. I__________ and get some sticks.
 A. am going to go B. will go C. go D. will be going
2. Look at those black clouds! It -------------.
 A. was raining	B. will rain	C. is going to rain	D. rains	
3. I __________ cakes. That’s why my hands are all covered with flour.
 A. have been making B. have made C. made D. had made
4. I think James is going to be famous some day. He ----------- in three films already.
A. appears	B. appeared	C. had appeared	D. has appeared
5. The earth _________ round the sun.
 A. go B. went C .is going D. goes
6. Is it the first time you __________our beautiful country?
 A. visit B. visited C. are visiting D. have visited
7. I_________ learning English five years ago.
 A. have started B. start C. was starting D. started
8. They ________ a new house in this corner of the street right now.
 A. are building B. have been building C. were building D. build
9. The phone ________ for almost a minute. Why doesn’t anyone answer it? 
A. rang	B. has been ringing	C. had rung	D. was ringing
10. Look! Her eyes ------------ red and wet. She_______
 A. are / has been crying B. were/ was crying	C. are/ will cry B. were / had cried
11. She says Titanic is the best film she________
 A. had seen B. saw C. has ever seen D. will see
	C. didn’t make – haven’t showed	D. hadn’t made – showed
12. On arriving at the airport, I ............... very worried to find that no one ................. for me.
	A. was – had been waiting	B. am – have been waiting
	C. was – was waiting	D. will be – is waiting
13. I ................. a cheque when I ................. that I ................. nothing in the bank.
	A. am writing – remember – have	B. was writing – remembered – had
	C. wrote – remembered – had had	D. had written – remembered – had
14. When I ............, the lecture .............. and the professor ........... on the overhead projector.
	A. arrived – already started – wrote	B. arrive – will start – will be writing
	C. arrive – have started – wrote	D. arrived – had already started – was writing
15. Tom ................. to study yet. He ................. all his lesson by 11 tonight.
	A. hasn’t begun – won’t have learned	B. isn’t going to begin – won’t learn
	C. hadn’t begun – wouldn’t learn	D. won’t begin – won’t have learned
16. My parents first each other at the Olympic Games in 1982
 A meet B met C had met D have met
 17. . The Second World War ______ in 1939.	
 A. has started	 B. start	 C. started	 D. Starts
 18. He to NewYork three times this year.
 A had been B was C is D has been
 18. Up to now, I ______ a lot of information about her.	
 A. would learn	 B. learnt	 C. have learnt	 D. will learn
 19. Mary ________ in London for 15 years.	
 A. lives 	B. has lived	 C. is living	D. was living
 20. Tim ______ in three movies already. I think he’ll be a star some day.	
 A. has appeared 	B. had appeared	C. was appearing	D. is appearing
 21. Peter ______ at the moment, so he can’t answer the telephone.	
 A. works	 B. is working	 C. has worked	 D. Worked
 22. He ______ in London at the moment.	
 A. studies	 B. has studied	 C. is studying	 D. will study
 23. By the time next year, my father ______ here for 25 years.	
 A. are going to work B. will be working C. will have been working	D. will work
 24. We ______ this course by the end of next year.	
 A. were finishing	B. have finished	C. had finished	D. will have finished
 25. Noone knows how many documents ..been lost
 A has B had C has had D have
 26. When I came to visit her last night, She a bath
 A is having C has C had D was having
 27. The light went out while I ..dinner.
 A have B have had C am having D was having
 28. Mary .me an hour ago.
 A was phoning B phones C phoned D has phoned
 29. A While I ..along the road,I saw a friend of mine
 A had cycled B has cycled C was cycling D cycled
 30. For the past two years ,I .a lot of things
 A do B doing C have done D did
 31. He ..his grandparents every Sunday
 A has visited B was visiting C is visiting D visits
 31. I had a road accident when I ..a phone call in the car
 A made B make C was making D had made
 32. Each of you a share in the work A has B had C have D to have
 33. ..your homework finished last night ? A was B did C are D do
 34. Don’t worry ! By the time you arrive tomorrow, we .the work.
 A will finish B will have finished C have finished D would finish
 35. Neither you nor I responsible for the bad result
 A is B be C are D am
 36. I first met her two years ago when we at Oxford university.
 A have been studying B had been studying C were studying D are studying
 37. He went back to work in his country after he his course on Advanced Engineering in London
 A finishes B has finished C had finished D was finishing
 38. Robert in three important water polo games so far.
 A has played B is playing C played D had played
 39. Many people ..homeless after the earthquake in Haiti a few months ago.
 A became B becoming C become D will become
 40. The world Health Organization ..in 1948 in order to carry out medical research and improve international health care
 A was established B had been established C had established D established
 41. My girl friend arrived after I _____ for her about half an hour. 
	 A. was waiting	B. had been waiting C. have been waiting D. have waited 
	42. I _____ in Quang Ngai before I moved to Binh Thuan. 
	 A. have been living	B. have lived C. had lived	D. had been living 
	43.When we arrived at the restaurant, the others __________ .
 	 A. left	B. have left C. had left	D. are leaving
	44. In the 19th century, it.............two or three months to across North America by covered wagon
	 A. took	B. had taken C. had been taken D. was taking
	45. When I arrived at the meeting the first speaker.................speaking and the audience...................
	 A. just finished- were clapping	B. had just finished- had clapped
	 C. had just finished- were clapping	D. just finished- had clapped
	46. When I got home I found that water...............................down the kitchen walls
	 	 A. ran 	B. was running C. has run D. had been running
 47. We .lunch when we heard the news
 A were having B had C had had D have had
 	48. When they got to the station ,the train .. 
 A leave B left C had left D was leaving
 49. By the time you got her letter, she in Paris.
 A arrived B had arrived C was arriving D was arrived
 50. Julia ..her first novel when she was 19 years old
 A writes B had written C written D wrote
 51. He across this river when he was young.
 	A swim B was swimming C swam D had swum
 	52. He broke his arm when he football
 	 A played B was playing C had played D is playing
 	53. They everything by the time I arrived at the party.
 	A had eaten B ate C were eating D eat
UNIT 3: WAYS OF SOCIALISING
 - Pronunciation: Stress in two- syllable words
 - Grammar: REPORTED SPEECH
I/ STATEMENTS: (caâu traàn thuaät)
Ex: 1. Mary said to Peter, “I’m doing my homework now.”
 Mary told Peter (that) she was doing her homework then.
 2. “I saw you at this corner yesterday,” said my friend
 My friend said (that) he had seen me at that corner the day before 
 NOTES 
 1. Structure: 
 S + SAID (THAT) + S + VERB 
 S + SAID TO / TOLD + O (THAT) + S + VERB
 2. Change of Tenses : thay doi Thi (lui 1 thi ve qua khu so voi cau noi truc tiep)
	- present à past / past simple, past perfect à past perfect
past continuous, past perfect continuous à past perfect continuous
conditional sentence type 2,3 à unchanged
 - Should/ Ought to/ used to / might / could / would à unchanged
 - must à had to / mustn’t à was / were not to	
*/ (khoâng ñoåi thì neáu ñt giôùi thieäu ôû thì hieän taïi)
 3. Changes of personal pronouns, possessive adjectives, possessive pronouns, 
 4. Other Changes – Adverbs of time/ place
*/ (khoâng ñoåi töø chæ thôøi gian vaø nôi choán neáu ñt töôøng thuaät ôû thì hieän taïi) 
now, at present -> then / here ->.there
this / these - > that / those / today -> that day
tonight -> that night 
tomorrow -> the following day / The next day / the day after
next week -> the week after / the following week / the next week 
the day after tomorrow ® in two days’ time / two days later
yesterday - > the previous day / the day before
The day before yesterday à Two days before / earlier
last week -> the week before/ the previous week
a year ago -.> a year before / earlier 
EXERCISES: Complete the following sentences by using REPORTED SPEECH.
I. Statements: (Caâu phaùt bieåu) 
“I’m leaving here for Hue tomorrow” she said
“I’ll come with you as soon as I am ready” Tom said to her.
“I must go now” our father said to us.
“I’m having a good time here” said Maryam.
He said to me, “I can’t do this test”
II/ WH – QUESTIONS
Ex:
He said: “What’s your name?”
He wondered what my name was.
My friend said: “Where are you going to spend your holiday, Nam?”
My friend asked Nam where he was going to spend his holiday.
 Structure:
	ASKED + O
 	S + WANTED TO KNOW + WH_ + S + V
	WONDERED
III/ YES – NO QUESTIONS :
 Ex: 
Mai asked Mr. Pike, “Are you a tourist ?” 
à Mai asked Mr. Pike if he was a tourist.
Structure:
	ASKED + O
 	S + WANTED TO KNOW + IF (WHETHER) + S + V
	WONDERED
IV/ IMPERATIVES: (caâu meänh leänh)
 	1. The teacher said to us ,“Close your books, please” 
 à The teacher asked us to close our books.
2. “Come and see me if you have time.”
 à He invited me to come and see him if he had time.
 Structure:
S + TOLD / ASKED / ORDERED / ADVISED / REMINDED/ . . . + O+ (NOT) + TO-INF	
*/ REPORTED SPEECH WITH INFINITIVES
1. Form: VERB + O + TO INF
Verbs: tell, ask, advise, order, invite, remind, request, warn, encourage, want, instruct, expect, persuade, ..
Ex: “Keep quiet now,” the teacher said to us. (direct speech)
 The teacher told us to keep quiet then. (reported speech with infinitives)
 “Come and see me whenever you want”
 He invited me to come and see him whenever I wanted
2. Form: VERB + TO INF
Verbs: offer, agree, command, promise, hope, threaten, volunteer, 
Ex: “I will take you to town”
 She offered to take me to town.
Use: We use these structures to report orders, requests, advice, suggestions, threats, promises, agreements, disagreements and so on.
*/ REPORTED SPEECH WITH GERUND
Form: 1. VERB + GERUND
Verbs: stop, deny, admit, suggest, avoid ...
Ex: Andy: “What shall we do this Sunday?” (direct speech)
 Sally: “What about going for a picnic?”
 -> Sally suggested going for a picnic. (reported speech with gerund) 
 2. VERB + PREP + GERUND
Verbs: apologize for, insist on, dream of, look forward to, think of, approve/ disapprove of, 
Ex: Kate: “I’ll buy you a cup of coffee, I insist.”
 -> She insisted on buying me a cup of coffee.
 3. VERB + O + PREP + GERUND
Verbs: thank for, congratulate on, accuse of, warn against, stop from, apologize (to) for , 
prevent ..from, suspect of, 
Ex: Tom said: “It was very nice of you to help me. Thank you.”
 -> Tom thanked me for helping him.
Use: We use gerund structures to report thanking, apologies, accusations, warning, and so on.
 A. Phonetics
I. Choose the word whose underlined part is pronounced differently from that of the others
1. A. chemist	B. chicken	C. church	D. chore
2. A. how	B. town	C. power	D. slow
3. A. heat	B. great	C. beat	D. meat
4. A. university	B. unique	C. unit	D. undo
5. A. mouse	B. could	C. would	D. put	
II. Choose the word whose main stress is different from that of the others:
6. A. happen	B. discard	C. reserve	D. distinct
7. A. accept	B. forget	C. mistake	D. language
8. A. whistle	B. obey	C. signal	D. handsome
9. A. noisy	B. formal	C. approach	D. decent
10. A. indeed	B. often	C. sometimes	D. later
II) Choose a, b, c, or d that best completes each unfinished sentence, substitutes the underlined part, or has the closest meaning to the original one.
You should _______ more attention to what your teacher explains.
a. make 	b. get 	c. set 	d. pay
Body language is a potent form of _______ communication.
a. verbal 	b. non-verbal 	c. tongue 	d. oral
This is the instance where big, obvious non-verbal signals are appropriate.
a. situation. 	B. attention 	c. place 	d. matter
Children who are isolated and lonely seem to have poor language and ________.
a. communicate 	b. communication 	c. communicative 	d. communicator
Probably the most common way of ____________someone’s attention is by waving.
a. attraction	b. attractive 	c. attractively 	 d. attracting
10.The boy waved his hands to his mother, who was standing at the school gate, to _______ her attention.
a. attract 	b. pull 	c. follow 	d. tempt
11.When you are in a restaurant, you can raise your hand slightly to show that you need assistance.
a. bill	 	b. menu 	c. help 	d. food
12.After a _______ hesitation, she began to speak with such a convincing voice.
a. rude 	b. slight 	c. small 	d. impolite
13.He is one of the most _______ bosses I have ever worked with. He behaves rudely to not only me but also others in the staff.
a. thoughtful 	b. impolite 	c. attentive 	d. communicative
14.In many cultures, people signify their agreement by _______ their head.
a. turning 	b. raising	c. pointing 	d. nodding
15.Mrs. Pike was so angry that she made a _______ gesture at the driver.
a. rude 	b. rudeness 	c. rudely 	d. rudest
16.A: You look great in this new dress. 
 B:_______________.
a. With pleasure 	b. Not at all
c. I am glad you like it 	d. Do not say anything about it
17.The teacher told Joe _______.
a. to stop talking 	 b. stop talking 	 c. stops talking d. stopped talking
18.Emily said that her teacher _______ to London _______. 
a. will go / tomorrow b. went / tomorrow c. would go / the next day	 d. had gone / the next day
19.She asked _______.
a. where was her umbrella 	b. where her umbrella was
 c. where were her umbrella 	d. where her umbrella were
20.Jason asked me _______ the book the day before.
a. if who gave 	 b. if who has given c. who had given 	 d. that who had given
21.He wanted to know _______ shopping during the previous morning.
a. if we had been going 	 b. that if we had been going c. we were going 	d. that we were going
22.The teacher advised us ______.
	A. to be careful when doing these exercises	B. be careful when doing these exercises
	C. being careful when doing these exercises	D. are careful when doing these exercises
23. He begged them --------------.
 A. help him	B. should help him	 C. to help him	D. help to him
24. Peter asked Jane why -------------- the film on T.V the previous night.
 A. didn’t she watch	B. hadn’t she watched 	 C. she doesn’t watch 	D. she hadn’t watched
III) Choose the sentence which has the closest meaning to the original one
"Why don't you ask the teacher for help?" Peter asked me.
a. Peter advised me to ask the teacher for help.
b. Peter recommended me not to ask the teacher for help. ,
c. Peter told me the reason why I did not ask the teacher for help.
d. Peter suggested that he should ask the teacher for help.
2. She said to us “Don’t be late again”.
 A. She said us not to be late again.	B. She told us to be not late again.
 C. She told to us not to be late again.	D. She told us not to be late again.
3. John said “You had better not lend them any money, Daisy”.
 A. John asked Daisy not to lend them any money. B. John advised Daisy should not lend any money.
 C. John warned Daisy not to lend them any money.	D. John advised Daisy not to lend them any money.
4. “I’m sorry I have to leave so early’, he said.
 A. He apologized for having to leave early.	 B. He apologized to have to leave early.
 C. He apologized that he has to leave early.	 D. He apologized to have left early.
5. “Can I borrow your pen please, Sam?”, said Gillian.
 A. Gillian asked Sam if she can borrow his pen. 	 B. Gillian asked Sam if she could borrow his pen.
 C. Gillian asked Sam whether she can borrow his pen. 	 D. Gillian asked Sam she could borrow his pen.
6 .“Where did you go last night, Nam?”, said Hoa
 A. Hoa asked Nam where had he gone the night before. B. Hoa said to Nam where he had gone the night before.
 C. Hoa told Nam where he had gone last night. D. Hoa asked Nam where he had gone the night before.
7. Peter said to them: “Don’t leave the room until I come back.”
A. Peter told them not to leave the room until he came back.
B. Peter told them not to leave the room until he comes back.
C. Peter told them not to leave the room until they came back.
D. Peter told them not to leave the room until they come back.
8. “Take my luggage to Room 145,” he said to the porter.
A. He told the porter take his luggage to Room 145.
B. He said the porter to take his luggage to Room 145.
C. He told the porter to take his luggage to Room 145.
D. He said to the porter to take his luggage to Room 145.
9. They told me that Tom had not come to school the day before.
A. “Tom didn’t come to school yesterday,” they said to me.
B. “Tom hadn’t come to school yesterday,.” they said to me.
C. “Tom hasn’t come to school yesterday,.” they told to me.
D. “Tom doesn’t come to school yesterday,” they said to me.
10. He said to me: “Will you see your friends before you leave Paris ?”
A. He asked me if I will see my friends before I leave Paris.
B. He asked me if I would see my friends before I left Paris.
C. He asked me if I would see my friends before I leave Paris
D. He asked me if I would see his friends before I left Paris.
11. “If I were you , I’d try to get a room on the top floor,” he said.
A. He advised me to try to get a room on the top floor.
B. He ordered me to try to get a room on the top floor.
C. He offered me to try to get a room on the top floor.
D. He suggested me to try to get a room on the top floor.
12. “I don’t go to this shop very often.” she said.
A. She said she didn’t go to that shop very often.	B. She said I didn’t go to that shop very often.
C. She said she wouldn’t go to that shop very often. 	D. She said I wouldn’t go to that shop very often.
13. “I am going to the theatre tonight” he said to me.
A. He told me he was going to the theatre that night.	B. He told me I was going to the theatre that night.
C. He told me he is going to the theatre that night.	D. He told me I am going to the theatre that night.
14. He said to her: “I shall do it today if I have time.”
A. He told her he would do it that day if he had time.	B. He told her he would do it that day if he has time.
C. He told her I would do it that day if I had time.	D. He told he would do it that day if he had time.
15. “You’d better apologize for being late,” said my mother.
A. My mother advised me to apologize for being late. B. My mother suggested me to apologize for being late.
C. My mother suggested apologizing for being late. D. My mother warned me to apologize for being late.
16. “Could you translate this for me?” I asked the official.
A. I asked the official to translate it for me.	B. I asked the official translate it for me.
C. I asked the official translating it for me.	D. I asked the official he translated it for me.
UNIT 4: SCHOOL EDUCATION SYSTEM
Grammar: PASSIVE VOICE: S + BE + PAST PARTICIPLE
* Theå chuû ñoäng (active voice) laø caùch ñaët caâu maø chuû töø ñoùng vai troø chuû ñoäng. Duøng theå chuû ñoäng khi ngöôøi ta muoán nhaán maïnh ngöôøi / vaät thöïc hieän haønh ñoäng.
 Ex: - That house was built 100 years ago.
* Theå thuï ñoäng (passive voice) laø caùch ñaët caâu maø chuû töø ñoùng vai troø bò ñoäng. Duøng theå bò ñoäng khi ngöôøi ta muoán nhaán maïnh haønh ñoäng xaûy ra nhö theá naøo.
 Example:
* Active :	 Tom	 broke	 the chair 	 yesterday.
	 S	 V	O
* Passive :	The chair	was broken	by	Tom	 yesterday.
+ (1) simple present : [S + am / is / are + P.P ]
- Mr.Green teaches history.
à History is taught by Mr.Green. 
+ (2) present perfect : [ S + has / have + been + p.p ]
- He has just done his homework.
 à His homework has just been done by him. 
+ (3) present continuous : [ S + am / is / are / + being + p.p]
- She is cleaning the windows.
à The windows are being cleaned by her. 
+ (4) simple past : [ S + was / were + p.p]
- The boss sacked ten workers.
à Ten workers were sacked by the boss. 
+ (5) past perfect : [ S + had been + p.p]
- Mary had written the letter.
à The letter had been written by Mary. 
+ (6) Past continuous : [ S + was / were + being + p.p]
- The police were questioning Tom.
à Tom was being questioned by the police. 
+ (7) simple future: [ S + will / shall + be + p.p]
- John will deliver the letter.
à The letter will be delivered by John. 
+ (8) Modal verbs : [ S + must / can / could / may / might + be + p.p]
 have to / used to / be going to /...
- He must do it right now.
à It must be done by him right now. 
 + (10) S + V + O + bare inf à S + be – p.p + to inf 
- I never hear him shout at his children.
à He is never heard to shout at his children.
NOTES: 1. Cau bi dong voi dong tu ‘begin or start’: [ S + begin / start + to be + p.p ]
- They began to build the house in 1980.
à The house began to be built in 1980.
 2. cau bi dong co cac dong tu “say, report, rumour, believe, think, say, expect, ’: 
 (cau chu dong co 2 menh de)
Ex - People say that prevention is better than cure.
à It is said that prevention is better than cure.
 IT + BE + PP(1) + THAT + S(2) + V( 2)
à Prevention is said to be better than cure. 
 S(2) + BE + PP(1) + TO – INFINITIVE (2)
Ex - They rumour that he was the richest man in the town.
-> It is rumoured that he was the richest man in the town.
-> He is rumoured to have been the richest man in the town.
 S(2) + BE + PP(1) + TO HAVE +PP (2)
I) Choose the word which is stressed differently from the rest.
a. general 	b. applicant 	c. usually 	d. October
a. parallel 	b. dependent 	c. educate 	d. primary
a. physical	b. achievement 	c. government 	 d. national
a. eleven 	b. history 	c. nursery 	d. different
a. consider 	b. similar 	c. actually 	d. carefully
II) Choose a, b, c, or d that best completes each unfinished sentence, substitutes the underlined part, or has a close meaning to the original one.
Tommy left high school _______ the age _______ seventeen.
a. at / of 	b. in / for 	c. on / with 	d. of / in
As an _______, Mr. Pike is very worried about the increasing of juvenile delinquency.
a. educate 	b. education 	c. educator 	d. educative
_______ is the study of the events of the past.
a. Geography 	b. History 	c. Arts 	d. Literature
She was the first in her family to enjoy the privilege of a university _____.
a. schedule 	b. education 	c. science 	d. technology
English is an important _______ that is required in several national examinations:
a. language 	b. test 	c. evaluation 	d. subject
Bicycles _______ in the driveway.
a. must not leave 	b. must not be leaving c. must not be left 	d. must not have left
Beethoven's Fifth Symphony _______ next weekend.
a. is going to be performed 	b. has been performed
c. will be performing 	d. will have performed
It _______ that learning a foreign language _______ a lot of time.
a. says / is taken 	b. is saying / has been taken
c. is said / takes 	d. was said / was taken
___________________________ yet?
a. Have the letters been typed 	 b. Have been the letters typed
c. Have the letters typed 	d. Had the letters typed
The telephone _______ by Alexander Graham Bell.
a. were invented 	b. is inventing 	c. invented 	 d. was invented
Lots of houses _______ by the earthquake last night.
a. have been destroyed b. are destroyed c. were destroying d. were destroyed
School uniform is compulsory in most of Vietnamese schools.
a. depended 	b. required 	c. divided 	d. paid
He was so ill that he could not _______ his final examination and cancelled it to the next year.
a. make 	b. do 	c. take 	d. gain
In Vietnamese schools, English, mathematics, and literature are three _______ subjects, which are compulsory in many impor

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